Give Me History

Top 12 Ancient Symbols of Rebirth and their Meanings

The theme of rebirth always surrounds us. Over time, through cultivation, we learned that plants that die in winter come alive in spring, symbolizing death and rebirth. Our ancient ancestors have also...

3 Kingdoms: Old, Middle & New | Ancient Egypt

Ancient Egypt spanned nearly 3,000 years. To better understand the ebb and flow of this vibrant civilization, Egyptologists introduced three clusters, splitting this vast period of time firstly into the Old...

Climate and Geography of Ancient Egypt

Geography shaped how ancient Egyptians thought of their land. They perceived their country to be divided into two distinct geographical zones. Kemet the black land comprised the fertile banks of the Nile...

Ancient History

Ancient History
The Great Pyramid of Giza or Kheops-Pyramid

Great Pyramid of Giza

Anyone who has ever gazed upon the Great Pyramid of Giza (also known as the Pyramid of Khufu or Cheops) can only stand in awe of the amazing achievement of its builders. From the Fourth Dynasty Pharaoh Khufu to its...

Relief of Thutmose II.

Thutmose II

Thutmose II who is believed by Egyptologists to have reigned from c. 1493 to 1479 BC. He was the 18th dynasty’s (c. 1549/1550 to 1292 BC) 4th pharaoh. This was an era in which ancient Egypt rose to the peak of its...

The wall decorations within Tutankhamun's Tomb.

Tomb of Tutankhamun

Today, Tutankhamun’s tomb is considered to be one of the world’s great art treasures. When his burial items go on tour, they continue to draw record crowds. Its fame is due in no small part to the grave goods in King...

The Mask of Tutankhamun.

Tutankhamun

Few Pharaohs have captured the public imagination over succeeding generations than the young Pharaoh Tutankhamun. Ever since Howard Carter discovered his tomb in 1922, the world has been enthralled with the splendour...

The Great Sphinx of Giza.

The Great Sphinx of Giza

An icon of ancient Egyptian culture, the enigmatic Great Sphinx of Giza is one of the most instantly recognizable artifacts in the world. Hewn from a single colossal limestone outcrop, the origins of this 20 metres (66...

The (Mòmia Nesi) mummy from Twentieth Dynasty of Egypt.

Ancient Egyptian Mummies

Alongside the pyramids of Giza and the Sphinx, when we think of ancient Egypt, we immediately summon an image of an eternal mummy, swathed in bandages. Initially, it was the grave goods that accompanied the mummy into...

The Opening of the Mouth ceremony being performed before the tomb.

Religion In Ancient Egypt

Religion in ancient Egypt permeated every facet of society. Ancient Egyptian religion combined theological beliefs, ritual ceremonies, magical practices and spiritualism. Religion’s central role in everyday Egyptians’...

Egyptian wrestling scene.

Ancient Egyptian Sports

People have played sports seemingly since the dawn of time when the first cities and organized civilisations emerged. Unsurprisingly, ancient Egyptians enjoyed both individual and team sports. Just as ancient Greece had...

Queen Nefertari.

Queen Nefertari

Nefertari means ‘beautiful companion’ and was the first of Rameses the Great’s Great Royal Wives. Known also as Nefertari Meritmutor or ‘Beloved of the goddess Mut’ Nefertari is one of Egypt’s...

Nefertiti bust.

Nefertiti Bust

Surely one of the most enigmatic examples of ancient Egyptian art ever to come down to us through the passing centuries is the bust of Queen Nefertiti, the Pharaoh Akhenaten’s Great Royal Wife. Today she gazes unseeing...

The Eye of Horus or Ra.

The Eye of Ra

In ancient Egyptian religious lore, the Eye of Ra is an entity representing a female analog to Ra Egypts sun god. When unleashed it is a violent force able to subdue Ra’s enemies. The Eye is likened to the sun’s disk...

Statue of Hemiunu, vizier and designer of Khufu's pyramid.

Ancient Egyptian Vizier

Each pharaoh had a kingdom to rule and government ministers and officials together with an army and police force to help him rule. Overseeing the vast apparatus of the administration was his Vizier, the Pharaoh’s...

Roman Emperor Augustus.

Egypt Under Roman Rule

Cleopatra VII Philopator was the last Queen of Egypt and its last pharaoh. Her death in 30 BCE brought to an end over 3,000 years of an often glorious and creative Egyptian culture. Following Cleopatra VII’s suicide...

Egyptian hieroglyphic of a domesticated animal (cow being milked).

Animals of Ancient Egypt

At the heart of the relationship between ancient Egyptians and animals were their religious beliefs. Ancient Egyptians believed their gods had intricate connections with the four elements of air, earth, water and fire...

Ancient Egyptian Fashion

Ancient Egyptian Fashion

Fashion amongst the ancient Egyptians tended to be straightforward, practical and uniformly unisex. Egyptian society viewed men and women as equals. Hence, both sexes for the majority of Egypt’s population wore similar...

Cartouche in the Temple of Horus at Edfu. The inscribed name is Cleopatra.

Cartouche Hieroglyphics

An ancient Egyptian cartouche is an oval frame containing the hieroglyphs comprising the name of a God, a member of the aristocracy or a senior court official. Stylistically, a cartouche is designed to represent a loop...

Depicts the battles and conquests of Ramses II.

Pharaoh Ramses II

Ramses II (c. 1279-1213 BCE) was the third pharaoh of Egypt’s 19th Dynasty (c. 1292-1186 BCE). Egyptologists frequently acknowledge Ramses II as perhaps the most celebrated, most powerful and the greatest pharaoh of the...

Publicity photo of Claudette Colbert for the film Cleopatra.

Ancient Egyptian Queens

When we think of the Queens of Egypt the seductive allure of Cleopatra or Nefertiti’s enigmatic bust typically springs to mind. Yet the story of Egypt’s Queens is more complex than popular stereotypes would have us...

Amun Court in Hatshepsut Temple.

Hatshepsut

While she was neither Egypt‘s first female ruler, nor its only female pharaoh, Hatshepsut (1479-1458 BCE) was ancient Egypt ‘s first female ruler to reign as a male with the full authority of a pharaoh’s office. The...

Ramesses II's victory over the Cheta people and the Siege of Dapur.

Ancient Egyptian Weapons

Throughout Egypt’s long span of recorded history, its military adopted a diverse range of ancient weaponry. In Egypt’s early periods, worked stone and wooden weapons dominated the Egyptian arsenal. Typical weapons...

The Pharaon Tutankhamun destroying his enemies.

Ancient Egyptian Warfare

Strategically, Egypt was blessed with imposing natural defensive lines. Egypt’s swath of desert made the country a difficult target for invasion. The Mediterranean Sea protected Egypt’s northern border while the five...